August 7, 2023 by admin 0 Comments

Dengue Fever

What is Dengue?

Dengue viruses are spread to people through the bite of an infected Aedes species (Ae. aegypti or Ae. albopictus) mosquito.


Areas with Risk of Dengue

The disease is common in many popular tourist destinations in the Caribbean (including Puerto Rico), Central and South America, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific Islands. In the United States, local cases and limited spread of dengue does occur periodically in some states with hot, humid climates and Aedes mosquitoes.



If symptoms occur, they usually begin 4–10 days after infection and last for 2–7 days. Symptoms may include:

  • high fever (40°C/104°F)
  • severe headache
  • pain behind the eyes
  • muscle and joint pains
  • nausea , vomiting
  • swollen glands
  • rash.

Individuals who are infected for the second time are at greater risk of severe dengue.


Symptoms of severe dengue

Watch for signs and symptoms of severe dengue. Warning signs usually begin in the 24–48 hours after your fever has gone away.

Immediately go to a local clinic or emergency room if you or a family member has any of the following symptoms.

  • Belly pain, tenderness
  • Vomiting (at least 3 times in 24 hours )
  • Bleeding from the nose or gums
  • Vomiting blood, or blood in the stool
  • Feeling tired, restless, or irritable
  • being very thirsty
  • pale and cold skin


Symptoms of dengue can become severe within a few hours. Severe dengue is a medical emergency.

If you have any warning signs, see a healthcare provider or go to the emergency room immediately.

Severe dengue is a medical emergency. It requires immediate medical care at a clinic or hospital.

If you are traveling, find health care abroad.



A blood test is the only way to confirm the diagnosis. As dengue fever symptoms in its early stages are very similar to symptoms of other viral illnesses such as chikungunya virus and zika virus infection, in addition to observing the patient’s symptoms and reviewing their medical history, the doctor will carry out the following tests to accurately diagnose dengue fever:

  • Complete Blood Count (CBC) to look for any anomalies in blood composition, including hemoglobin, leukocyte, platelets, and blood concentration
  • NS1 Ag



There is no specific medicine to treat dengue.

Treat the symptoms of dengue and see your healthcare provider.

  • See a healthcare provider if you develop a fever or have symptoms of dengue. Tell him or her about your travel.
  • Rest as much as possible.
  • Take acetaminophen (also known as paracetamol outside of the United States) to control fever and relieve pain.
  • Do not take aspirin or ibuprofen!

Drink plenty of fluids to stay hydrated. Drink water or drinks with added electrolytes.



After receiving treatment patients will have an appetite; some patients may have a red rash with small white circles.


  • Controlling the mosquito breeding areas
  • Empty and clean every water container at least once a week
  • To kill mosquito lavae put 1 gm. of Temephos sand ( Abate ) per 10litres of water in every container
  •  Remove, empty or cover used tyres or jars that collect water
  • Put sand in Flowerpot saucers to absorb the water
  • Use mosquito repellant on exposed skin and dress protectively especially during the daytime.
  • Use bed-nets and keep unscreened windows and door closed.

 Avoid dark, stuffy, dingy rooms

August 3, 2023 by admin 0 Comments

Top Tips for Hormonal Well-Being: Nurturing Balance and Health

Subtitle: “Simple yet effective strategies for maintaining hormonal

equilibrium and promoting overall well-being.”


Prioritize a Healthy Diet: Nourish Your Hormones from Within

A balanced and nutrient-rich diet is essential for hormonal

well-being. Incorporate foods rich in healthy fats, such as avocados

and nuts, which support hormone production. Include high-fiber foods

like whole grains and vegetables to aid digestion and prevent blood

sugar imbalances. Opt for lean proteins, such as fish and legumes,

which provide essential amino acids for hormone synthesis. Remember to

limit processed foods, sugary snacks, and excessive caffeine, as they

can disrupt hormonal balance.


Regular Exercise: Keeping Hormones Active and Balanced

Engaging in regular physical activity is vital for hormonal health.

Exercise helps regulate insulin levels, reduces stress hormones, and

promotes the release of endorphins, which can uplift mood and reduce

menstrual discomfort. Aim for a combination of aerobic exercises,

strength training, and flexibility exercises like yoga or Pilates.

Find activities you enjoy and make them a consistent part of your



Manage Stress: Cultivate Relaxation and Emotional Well-being

Chronic stress can wreak havoc on hormone levels, leading to

imbalances and negative health consequences. Incorporate

stress-management techniques such as meditation, deep breathing

exercises, or mindfulness practices to reduce stress hormone

production. Engage in activities that bring joy and relaxation, such

as spending time in nature, pursuing hobbies, or connecting with loved

ones. Prioritizing self-care and maintaining a healthy work-life

balance are also crucial for managing stress effectively.


Get Sufficient Sleep: Recharge Your Hormonal System

Adequate and quality sleep is vital for hormonal well-being. During

sleep, the body restores hormone levels and supports overall health.

Aim for 7-9 hours of uninterrupted sleep each night, and establish a

regular sleep schedule. Create a calming bedtime routine, minimize

exposure to electronic devices before bed, and ensure your sleep

environment is conducive to relaxation and rest.


Maintain a Healthy Weight: Strive for Balance and Body Positivity

Maintaining a healthy weight is essential for hormonal balance. Excess

body fat, particularly around the waistline, can disrupt hormone

production and increase the risk of hormonal imbalances. Focus on

adopting a balanced approach to weight management, emphasizing body

positivity, self-acceptance, and sustainable lifestyle changes. Seek

guidance from healthcare professionals or registered dietitians to

create a personalized plan that suits your unique needs.


Hormone-Friendly Supplements: Consult with a Professional

Certain supplements, under the guidance of a healthcare professional,

may support hormonal health. Vitamin D, omega-3 fatty acids,

magnesium, and adaptogenic herbs like ashwagandha and maca are known

to have potential benefits for hormonal balance. However, it’s crucial

to consult a healthcare provider or a registered dietitian before

introducing any supplements to ensure safety and effectiveness.


Regular Health Check-ups: Stay Informed and Proactive

Regular check-ups and consultations with healthcare professionals are

essential for monitoring and maintaining hormonal well-being. Discuss

any concerns or symptoms related to hormonal imbalances with your

healthcare provider, who can recommend appropriate tests, offer

guidance, and provide necessary treatments or interventions.

Remember, these tips are general guidelines, and individual hormone

levels and health conditions may vary. It’s important to consult with

healthcare professionals for personalized advice and recommendations

based on your specific needs and circumstances.